Journal of Autonomy and Security Studies

Volume 4 – Issue 2

December 2020

Foreword

Migration is a phenomenon as old as humanity. Conflicts, armed and non-armed, are similarly as old as humanity”. Both phenomena express the commitment of individuals and groups to change life – by necessity or ideology, and sometimes both. Most often at great cost for everyone involved.
In this issue of JASS we will have the opportunity to reflect on these two cardinal aspects of social life as they appear in the modern world and in today’s political structures – with the European Union as a case in point.
Migration and wars are among the most profound upheavals of social order that humankind has to address – migration as a long-term, steady movement of individuals, and wars as a comparatively short-term and organized imposition of political and social structures. What security is, under such circumstances, is in itself a complex matter; unfortunately worsened under a year of a global pandemic.
JASS introduces in this Issue the concept of authors that are ”early career researchers”. It reflects an ambition of JASS editors to invite and introduce research-oriented advanced students, for example PhD level students, to the handicraft of article writing and early sharing of research findings – a skill that is of use throughout any academic career, and to the benefit of all the readers of JASS.

 

Kjell-Åke Nordquist

Editor-in-Chief

EU Policy on Immigration and Integration:
Multiculturalism or Assimilation?

 

Gustav Blomberg

During the last decades, there has been an intense political contest about the mode of integration of third country nationals in the European Union (EU) and its member states. There is an ambiguity whether the union is first and foremost the champion of diversity and multicultural policies, or if it has returned to assimilative-oriented policies in the emerging modern form of civic integration policies. The backdrop is the growing assimilative practices and policies throughout the union. This paper will explore the existence of both assimilative-oriented/civic integration tendencies and tendencies of multiculturalism in recent immigration and integration policies of the EU by analysing the Commission’s Action Plan on the integration of third-country nationals from 2016. Special focus will be on finding out whether the Action Plan supports the hypothesis that the EU has entered into a distinct post-multiculturalism period. The conclusion of the article supports this hypothesis convincingly, showing that the plan contains evenly matched representations of both multicultural and assimilative-oriented/civic integration policies. Moreover, this article discovers clear representations of the intercultural policy paradigm, in addition to a heavy focus on economic instrumentalism and employment in the Action Plan´s integration policies.

 

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Swedish-American Relations and the Vietnam War, 1965–1975

 

Naman Karl-Thomas Habtom

Between 1965-1975, Sweden and the United States experienced a worsening diplomatic relationship as a result of domestic pressures caused by the Vietnam War. In Sweden, this came initially in the form of grassroots activism, which spread into the electoral base of the governing Social Democratic Party, whose leadership feared losing voters to the Communist Party. Simultaneously, the government of the United States sought to combat any criticism towards its campaign while at the same time not alienating an otherwise strategic partner. The massive fluctuation in diplomatic relations was further complicated by a wide array of issues, ranging from American deserters to Swedish mediation efforts and attempts at freeing American prisoners of war. Notably, military and intelligence cooperation during this period remained strong and largely unaffected.  This episode offers many lessons on Cold War neutrality and attempts by small states to forge an independent foreign policy while seeking to maintain relations.

 

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Calls for Applications

 

The Åland Peace Fellowship 2021
Be the first! The Åland Islands Peace Institute is happy to announce that the first Åland Peace Fellowship is now open for application! The Institute invites early career as well as established researchers in the fields of law, peace research, political science, international affairs or related disciplines to apply for the Åland Peace Fellowship 2021. Please submit your applications no later than 15 January 2021.

COST Action RECAST Training School 2021
The research network RECAST (Reappraising Intellectual Debates on Civic Rights and Democracy in Europe) has opened Call for Applications for the Training School in the Humanities and the Social Sciences 2021 with a focus on Democratic Constitutionalism and Rights.
Scheduled for 10–12 February 2021, the RECAST Training School will be hosted by the Institute of Legal, Political and Sociological Research, Moldovan Academy of Sciences in Chișinău, Republic of Moldova. Deadline 18th of December 2020.

 

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Call for Papers

The editors welcome submissions of manuscripts that focus on, or relate to, the topics and intersections of security, autonomy arrangements, and minority issues. Apart from reviewed articles, JASS also welcomes other kinds of contributions, such as  research notes, book reviews and commentaries. Articles and research notes should preferably not exceed 12 000 words (excluding references) and be written in British or American English. For other contributions, such as book reviews, conference reports, project notes, the maximum length is 4 000 words. The layout of the text should be in single-column format and kept as simple as possible. Manuscripts to be considered for Issue I/2021 by the 31st of March 2021.

Further details on the submission process can be found at: www.jass.ax/submissions

Full Issue

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Journal of Autonomy and Security Studies - ISSN 2489-4265

Ålands fredsinstitut
The Åland Islands Peace Institute
Hamngatan 4
AX-22101 Mariehamn, Åland, Finland

 

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